Pawon Temple

Pawon temple is also known as Brajanalan temple. The name of the pawon is allegedly from the word “awu” (ash) so that the Pawon temple is suspected as a storage place for the ashes of King Indra (AD 728 – 812), the father of King Samaratungga of the Syailendra dynasty.

Pawon temple facing to the west, Above the doorstep there are Kalamakara ornaments  without lower jaw.

On the front wall of the temple, to the north and south of the entrance, there is a recess containing relief depicting Kuwera (God of Wealth) in a standing position. The sculpture on the south of the door was damaged so that it was no longer visible in its original form. The sculpture in the north of the door is relatively intact, only the heads are destroyed.

On the north and south walls of the temple there is the same relief, which depicts Kinara and Kinari, a pair of human-headed birds, standing flanking Kalpataru trees that grow in a vase. Around the tree lay some money coins. In the sky were a pair of flying humans. At the top of the wall there is a pair of small windows that serve as ventilation. Between the two ventilation holes there are relief of Kumuda.

Kalasan Temple

Kalasan temple is also referred to as Kalibening Temple. According to the Kalasan inscription, this temple was built in 700 Caka (778 AD). Kalasan inscription written in Sanskrit explains that the advisors for the Syailendra prefecture suggested that Maharaja Tejapurnama Panangkarana erect a sacred Building to worship the goddess of Tara and the Building for Buddhist monks. Continue reading “Kalasan Temple”

Plaosan Temple

Plaosan Temple is a Buddhist temple, estimated to be built in the early 9th century during the Rakai Pikatan era of the Hindu Mataram Kingdom.

According to the Cri Kahulunan inscription (AD 824 ), Plaosan Lor Temple was built by Queen Sri Kahulunan. Sri Kahulunan is the title of Pramordhawardani, the daughter of King Samaratungga from Syailendra dynasty. Sri Kahulunan who embraced Buddhism married to Rakai Pikatan from Sanjaya dynasty who are Hindus. Continue reading “Plaosan Temple”

Boko Temple

King Boko temple is actually not a temple, but the ruins of the royal remains of a kingdom. For that Boko temple is also often referred to as King Baka Palace. King Boko Palace was first discovered by Dutch archaeologist, HJ De Graaf in the 17th century.

According to the Abhayagiriwihara inscription, which dates back to 714 Caka ( AD 792 ) that found around the temple site, it states that the King Baka palace was built by Rakai Panangkaran from the Buddhist Syailendra dynasty, but later taken over by Hindu Mataram kings. This led the King Boko Palace to a Hindu-Buddhist-style building.

During the reign of Rakai Walaing pu Kumbayoni, 898-908 AD, Abhayagiriwihara was renamed Karaton Walaing.

 

Sari Temple

Temple Sari is estimated to be built in the 8th century by Rakai Panangkaran. constructing together with Kalasan temple. According to Kalasan’s inscription (700 saka / 787 AD) it is mentioned that the religious advisor Wangsa Syailendra suggested that Maharaja Tejapurnama Panangkarana or better known as Rakai Panangkaran, to establish Kalasan temple. namely the sacred buildings to worship the Goddess Tara and Sari temple for the monastery of Buddhist monks.

 

Sari temple is the only temple that storied, It is estimated 2 or 3 floors. The upper floor serves as a place to store things. While the lower floor is a place of religious ceremonies.

The entrance of the temple is guarded by a pair of Dwarapala statues holding a mace and a snake, as it is in front of Plaosan Temple.

On the outer side of the temple, wall are empty niches that were previously thought to be Buddhist statues.

On the outside wall of the temple, there are sculptural statues and other beautiful ornaments. The doors and windows are flanked by a pair of male and female statues standing in a lotus holding position. The total number of statues is 36 pieces, consisting of 8 statues on the front wall (east), 8 statues on the north side wall, 8 on the south side wall, and 12 on the west side wall (back). The size of the statues is the same as the size of the human body in general.

The walls of this temple are lined with Vajralepa (Brajalepa), a protective layer also found on the walls of Kalasan Temple.