Sambisari Temple

It is a Hindu temple of Shiva that was built in the early 9th century by Rakai Garung, the King of Mataram Hindu of the Syailendra dynasty.

Sambisari temple stands about 7 meters from the ground. According to estimates, the temple was buried by sand and rocks of the mountain of Merapi in 1006 AD.

Sambisari temple consists of one main temple and three temples Perwara (guardian) located in front of the main temple. Continue reading “Sambisari Temple”

Barong Temple

This temple is referred to as the Barong temple because there is a Kala decoration in the recesses of the body of the temple that looks like a Barong. Barong Temple is a Hindu temple relic. Barong Temple is also called as Sari Suragedug Temple. According to the inscription Ratu Baka (856 AD) explains about a King Sri Kumbaja or Sri Kalasodbhava who built three “phallus”, namely Kirtiwasalingga, Triyarbakalingga, and Haralingga with their respective companions Dewi Sri, Dewi Suralaksmi and Dewi Mahalaksmi. Continue reading “Barong Temple”

Kalasan Temple

Kalasan temple is also referred to as Kalibening Temple. According to the Kalasan inscription, this temple was built in 700 Caka (778 AD). Kalasan inscription written in Sanskrit explains that the advisors for the Syailendra prefecture suggested that Maharaja Tejapurnama Panangkarana erect a sacred Building to worship the goddess of Tara and the Building for Buddhist monks. Continue reading “Kalasan Temple”

Plaosan Temple

Plaosan Temple is a Buddhist temple, estimated to be built in the early 9th century during the Rakai Pikatan era of the Hindu Mataram Kingdom.

According to the Cri Kahulunan inscription (AD 824 ), Plaosan Lor Temple was built by Queen Sri Kahulunan. Sri Kahulunan is the title of Pramordhawardani, the daughter of King Samaratungga from Syailendra dynasty. Sri Kahulunan who embraced Buddhism married to Rakai Pikatan from Sanjaya dynasty who are Hindus. Continue reading “Plaosan Temple”

Mendut Temple

According to the Karangtengah inscription, the temple estimated to be built by the first King Syailendra dynasty in AD 824. Karangtengah inscription states that king Indra has made a sacred building in Venuvana (bamboo forest).

The Mendut temple was first discovered in 1836 by the Dutch East Indies government. In 1897-1904 the Dutch East Indies government made a restoration effort. Continue reading “Mendut Temple”

Sukuh Temple

Sukuh Temple is a Hindu temple, located in Berjo Village, Ngargoyoso District, Karanganyar Regency, Central Java. This temple is estimated to be built at the end of the 15th century, included in the ranks of young temples in Indonesia.

Unlike other Hindu temples, the basic form of Sukuh Temple is a storeyed terrace with the most sacred part located at the end back and the highest. This form is characteristic of a pre-Hindu sacred form. That’s why the architecture of Sukuh temple considered to deviate from the bookmaking of Hindu temple, Wastu Widya.  Continue reading “Sukuh Temple”

Kedulan Temple

Kedulan temple is a Hindu temple located adjacent to Sambisari temple, according to Pananggaran inscription and Sumundul inscription, Kedulan temple was built in 791 Saka (869 AD) by Rakai Kayuwangi who ruled Mataram Hindu at that time.

Kedulan temple also has many similarities with the Temple Sari either in shape, architecture, and size. Kedulan temple found in the conditions buried the rest of the cold lava eruption of Mount Merapi as deep as 7 meters below the surface of the soil.

Like the temple of Sambisari, Kedulan temple there is one main temple and three Perwara temple located in front of it straight from north-south. Inside the main building of the temple, there are also lingga-yoni.

The difference between Sambisari temple and Kedulan temple is just facing direction. If the Sambisari temple faces west, Kedulan temple faces east.

Inside the temple is also found also statues Durga Mahesasuramahardini statue on the north side, the statue of Ganesha on the west side, the statue of Agastya and Mahakala on the south side, and Nandiswara on either side of the entrance of the temple.

From Pananggaran and Sumundul inscription also mentions that the use of dams in Pananggaran village for the benefit of the community and that the income generated from the dam was exempt from taxes by the state because it was used to fund the Kedulan Temple.

Dieng Temples

Dieng temple is a Hindu Shiva temple located at the foot of Dieng Mountain, Wonosobo. This temple is estimated to be built between the late 8th century until the early 9th century. Dieng temple is the oldest Hindu temple in Java. Dieng temple is divided into 3 complexes: Arjuna temple complex, Gatotkaca temple complex, Dwarawati and Bima temple complex.

Arjuna Temple Complex

Arjuna temple complex consists of 4 temples, namely Arjuna Temple, Srikandi Temple, Sembadra Temple,  Puntadewa and Semar Temple. Arjuna temple building is similar to Gedong Sanga Temple building. This temple faces to the west with the doorstep decorated with Kalamakara. Srikandi temple has a square base form. This temple is located in the north of Arjuna temple. The outer walls of Srikandi temple are decorated with reliefs depicting Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma.

Gatotkaca Temple Complex

Gatotkaca temple complex consists of 5 temples namely Gatutkaca Temple, Setyaki Temple, Nakula Temple, Sadewa Temple, Petruk and Gareng temple. Of the 5 temples that exist only Gatotkaca temple is still intact.

Dwarawati Temple Complex

Dwarawati temple complex consists of 5 temple that is Dwarawati temple, Abiyasa temple, Pandu temple, and Margasari temple.

Bima Temple Complex

Bima Temple is the largest temple in Dieng temple area. This temple lies on the hill above. Bima temple in contrast to the temples in Java in general because this temple has legs that seem octagonal, while generally, the temples in Java have a rectangular or square foot.